Does Improved Local Supply of Schooling Enhance Intergenerational Mobility in Education? Evidence from Jordan

Article in a refereed journal

Ragui Assaad and Mohamed Saleh, "Does Improved Local Supply of Schooling Enhance Intergenerational Mobility in Education? Evidence from Jordan", The World Bank Economic Review, September 2016. doi:10.1093/wber/lhw041.[Full text | Article ©Journal]

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of increased local supply of schooling on intergenerational mobility in education in Jordan. We use a unique data set that links individual data on own schooling and parents’ schooling for adults, from a household survey, with the annual supply of schools in the sub-district of birth, from a school census. We identify the effect by exploiting the variation in the supply of basic and secondary public schools across cohorts and sub-districts of birth in Jordan, controlling for both cohort and sub-district of birth fixed effects. School availability is determined based on the number of sex-appropriate public schools in the individual’s sub-district of birth at the time the individual was ready to start that schooling stage. Our findings show that the local availability of basic public schools does in fact increase intergenerational mobility in education. For instance, an increase in the supply of basic public schools of one school per 1,000 people reduces the father-son and mother-son associations of schooling by 10 percent and the father-daughter and mother-daughter associations by nearly 30 percent. However, an increase in the local supply of secondary public schools does not seem to have a similar effect on intergenerational mobility in education.

Keywords

Supply of schooling
education
intergenerational mobility
inequality of opportunity
Middle East

JEL codes

I24: Education and Inequality
I28: Education: Government Policy

IAST Discipline

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